Guide for Authors

Author/s are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works which are not under review in any other journal. They are kindly requested to refer to the journal website: to register according to the instructions given. Once registered, each author will be provided with a username and a password enabling him/her to follow up the submission process. The next step is to send the paper to the journal to be considered for review.

The manuscripts submitted to Journal of Language Horizons should follow the latest version of APA style. Contributing author/s are advised to read this document carefully and adhere to the instructions given below before sending their papers to the Journal office. The article will be sent in two separate files including the title file and the manuscript file.  The title file includes the title, author’s /authors’ name(s), their institutional affiliation, phone number(s), and the email, preferably the academic one.

 In case of multiple authors, indicate which one is the corresponding author.

The second file, the main manuscript, starts with the abstract. Abstract should be between 150 and 250 words, followed by five keywords, separated by commas. The abstract should include information on the purpose of the research and/or research question, the methods and materials used, information on the analysis procedures as well as the major findings. The Persian translation of the abstract should be provided too. The font type should be Times New Roman and the size is 12. The whole manuscript should be double-spaced throughout and the new paragraphs should be indented. The manuscript should be divided into clear sections such as: Introduction, Review of literature (which may include sub-sections), Method (including participants, materials, and procedure), Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements (if necessary) and References (and Appendices, if needed). The reference list should be on a new page, double spaced, and use the hanging indent method (all lines after the first one are indented). The length of the paper should be between 6000 and 8000 words. The following pages provide key information and give examples of APA style. More information on APA can also be found in the website:


All in-text citations must be listed in full in the reference list at the end of each article following the specifications of the APA manual and all references listed must be cited somewhere in the text. Begin the reference list on a separate page entitled "References" and double-space it throughout. Each entry must include the author's name, co-authors (if any), publication date, and title of work. For a journal article, also provide the name of the journal, volume number, and page numbers for the article. For an article in an edited volume, list the editor's name, title of the collection, and page numbers of the article. For a book or monograph, list the edition, volume number, series, place of publication, and name of publisher. Punctuate and capitalize as in the following examples:


 Brown, G., & Yule, G. (1989). Discourse analysis. Cambridge University Press. 

Journal article

Bacon, S. M., & Finnemann, M. D. (1990). A study of the attitude, motives, and strategies of university foreign language students and their disposition to authentic oral and written input. The Modern Language Journal, 74, 459-473.

Journal article with volume number

Lee, M-B. (2002). A closer look at language learning strategies and EFL performance. Foreign Languages Education, 10 (1),115-132.

Article in a book

 Dechert, H. (1983). How a story is done in a second language. In C. Faerch & G. Kasper (Eds.), Strategies in inter-language communication (pp. 175-195). Longman.

Journal Article with DOI:

Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 3, 635-647.

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available):

Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues37(2), 1-7.

Hamfi, A. G. (1981). The funny nature of dogs. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38 - 48. 


Encyclopedia Articles:

Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 319-327). Wiley.

Developmental genetics. (2005). In Cambridge encyclopedia of child development.

Reference citation in text

Direct citation 1

She states, "the 'placebo effect' ... disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner" (Miele, 1993, p.276), but she did not clarify which behaviors were studied.

Direct citation 2:  Fewer than forty words

Lee (1999) found that "The EAP writing curriculum incorporate reading and analysis of major academic journal articles in the specific field to identify macro-level organization an obligatory 'moves' in conjunction with writing practice." (p. 21)

Direct citation 3: More than forty words

Miele (1993) found the following:

            The "placebo effect," which had been verified in previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner. Furthermore, the behaviors were never exhibited again, even when reed rings were administered. Earlier studies were clearly premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276) 

One work by two authors

-Smith and Takamoto (1997) argued that. ...

-In recent study of SLA(Smith & Takamoto, 1997) ...

One work by multiple authors: use et al 

-First citation: Jones et al (1997) found that...

-in a recent study of second language acquisition (Jones et all, 1997)....

-Subsequent citations: Jones et al. (1997) further argued that. ... 

-In a recent study of second language acquisition (Jones et al., 1997)...

 One work by multiple authors, more than 6: 

-First citation: Dresler et al. (1992). Showed that... 

-In a recent study of second language acquisition (Dresler et al., 1992)...

 Multiple works: arrange in alphabetical order

Previous research (Lass, 1992; Meyer & Sage, 1978, 1980; Nichols, 1987a, 1987b; Oats et al., 1973)...

 For works not included in the above examples refer to Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed.).