Author/s are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works which are not under review in any other journal. They are kindly requested to refer to the journal website: to register according to the instructions given. Once registered, each author will be provided with a username and a password enabling him/her to follow up the submission process. The next step is to send the paper to the journal to be considered for review.

The manuscripts submitted to Journal of Language Horizons should follow the latest version of APA style. Contributing author/s are advised to read this document carefully and adhere to the instructions given below before sending their papers to the Journal office. The article will be sent in two separate files including the title file and the manuscript file.  The title file includes the title, author’s /authors’ name(s), their institutional affiliation, phone number(s), and the email address, preferably the academic one.

In case of multiple authors, indicate which one is the corresponding author.

The second file, the main manuscript, starts with the abstract. Abstracts are between 150 and 250 words, followed by five keywords, separated by commas. The abstract includes information on the purpose of the research and/or research question(s), the methods and materials used, information on the analysis procedures, as well as the major finding(s). The Persian translation of the abstract is provided too. The font type is Times New Roman font, and the font size is 12. The whole manuscript is double-spaced throughout, and new paragraphs are indented. The manuscript is divided into clear sections, such as: Introduction, Review of literature (which may include sub-sections), Method (including participants, materials, and procedure), Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements (if necessary) and References (and Appendices, if needed). The reference list will be on a new page, double spaced, and the hanging indent method is used (all lines after the first one are indented). The length of the paper should be between 6000 and 8000 words. The following pages provide key information and give examples of the APA style. More information on APA can also be found on the website:



All in-text citations must be listed in full in the reference list at the end of each article following the specifications of the APA manual, and all references listed must be cited somewhere in the text. Begin the reference list on a separate page entitled "References" and double-space it throughout. Each entry must include the author's name, co-authors (if any), publication date, and title of the work. For a journal article, also provide the name of the journal, volume number, and page numbers for the article. For an article in an edited volume, list the editor's name, title of the collection, and page numbers of the article. For a book or monograph, list the edition, volume number, series, and the publisher’s name. Punctuate and capitalize as in the following examples.



 Please note the following points:

  • In the reference list, follow the following formats:



Brown, G., & Yule, G. (1989). Discourse analysis. Cambridge University Press.

Journal articles

Lee, M. B. (2002). A closer look at language learning strategies and EFL performance. Foreign Languages Education, 10(1),115-132.

Article in a book

Dechert, H. (1983). How a story is done in a second language? In C. Faerch & G. Kasper (Eds.), Strategies in inter-language communication (pp. 175-195). Longman.

Encyclopedia Articles:

Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 319-327). Wiley.

Developmental genetics. (2005). In Cambridge encyclopedia of child development.

Note: For works not included in the above examples refer to Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed.).


  • For in-text citation of multiple works, arrange them in alphabetical order. Example:

Previous research (Lass, 1992; Meyer & Sage, 1978, 1980; Nichols, 1987a, 1987b; Oats et al., 1973)…

  • All in-text citations for works with three or more authors are shortened to the name of the first author plus “et al.” (except where this would create ambiguity).


  • In the reference list, all online documents should include a DOI if they have one, and if not available, a URL. Example:

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th ed.). DOI

  • According to APA, the publisher locations are not provided anymore when citing a book in the reference list. Example:

Barkway, D., & O’Kane, D. (2020). Psychology: Introduction for health professionals. Elsevier.


  • If you are using an edited book, please make reference to the specific book chapter you have used. Example:

Chand, N. (2019). Standardized turmeric and curcumin. In R. C. Gupta, A. Srivastava, & R. Lall (Eds.), Nutraceuticals in veterinary medicine (pp. 3-24). Springer.


  • For secondary sources, include the original work and its date only as in-text citation, followed by the secondary source you have read. In the reference list, however, only the secondary source is included:



Seidenberg and McClelland (1990, as cited in Coltheart et al., 1993) showed …


In the reference list:

Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller, M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and

parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, 100, 589-608.


  • For the keywords, write the label “Keywords:” (in italic) one line below the abstract, indented 0.5 in. like a regular paragraph, followed by the keywords in lowercase (but capitalize proper nouns), separated by commas. The keywords can be listed in any order. Do not use a period or other punctuation marks after the last keyword. If the keywords run onto a second line, the second line is not indented. Example:


Keywords: college teaching, student evaluation of teaching, online administration, response rate, assessment


  • Formatting of tables and figures is parallel, including consistent styles for numbers, titles, and notes. Write both table and figure numbers above them in bold and the titles in italic title case one double-spaced line below the table/figure number. Examples:


Table 2

Means, Standard Deviations, and Two-Way ANOVA Statistics for Study Variables


Figure 3

Framing Scores for Different Reward Sizes


  • For the headings, refer to the following table:






Centered, Bold, Title Case Heading

Text begins as a new paragraph.


Flush Left, Bold, Title Case Heading

Text begins as a new paragraph.


Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading

Text begins as a new paragraph.


Indented, Bold, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period. Text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.


Indented, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period. Text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.