Document Type : Research article

Authors

1 English Department , Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj. IRAN.

2 English Department, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.

Abstract

The current study examined the impact of online planning and strategic planning in the context of CALL-based TBLT on Willingness to Communicate (WTC). Initially, the Oxford Placement Test (OPT) was administered to 120 female intermediate EFL learners. Then, based on the OPT scale, 90 learners were chosen and divided into two experimental groups and a control group. After that, the participants in the three groups were asked to complete the WTC questionnaire as pretest. Following that, one of the experimental groups received CALL online planning and the other one received CALL strategic planning. In the Strategic Planning group, the learners wrote an essay each session on a given topic while being allowed to think of what they were going to write (content) and what language forms (word, grammar, etc.) they wanted to use. In another experimental group, the learners had time to think about the task performance during the task but instructed not to write down their plan. The participants in the control group received conventional treatment. After ten sessions, the learners in the three groups were given the WTC questionnaire as posttest. The results of ANCOVA indicated that both online planning and strategic planning had significant effects on Iranian EFL learners’ WTC. Moreover, it was revealed that the effect of strategic planning was more significant compared to online planning on Iranian EFL learners’ WTC. The results promise implications for EFL teachers to incorporate online planning and strategic planning in the context of CALL-based TBLT to enhance WTC.

Keywords